Alex A. Yusko's Railroad page.

I’m having a problem with the full page now. This is only part of it.

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Model Railroad Clubs in the New York area:

Queens County Model Railroad Association / Empire Valley Railroad:

Main Page @ Our official page

Flickr: Queens County Model Railroad Association and Empire Valley RR As of 2008/04/02, this one has 36 photos, all of which are mine and are different from the pictures on the other pages.


Queens County Model Railroad Association
34-05 44th Street (basement, please use the SIDE entrance)
Long Island City, NY, USA 11102
Phone 1-718-392-1124
Contact: John McCluskey
The HO Scale club has a 35' x 65' layout area and wireless DCC train control. Everything from Steam to Diesel to Traction has a place here. Beginner to advanced model railroaders are welcomed, as a visitor or future member. We have been in the same location since the late 1940's and are continuing to build our fifth layout.

For more information, send email to and so I know that we're reaching anyone through here. Try not to use a "quote source" option, there's no need to send a copy of the whole web page with your message.
For comments and questions about this page itself: Send comments to

Picture "EV_RR_1.jpg":


Empire Valley FP45 4053 and F45 4003 pull a train past Walden Pond.

Picture "NorthRiverFloat.jpg":


Model of the Empire Valley's North River Float Bridge. When the New Haven's bridge across the Hudson burned, this carfloat was put in so the Empire Valley could service its customers on the east side of the Hudson. Walthers Float Apron, idler cars and a Stewart AS-616 working today.

Picture "FintansCorner.jpg":


Such a fine place to have a passing meet. I'll meet you at Fintan's Corner. The first pint is on you!

Picture "EV_RR_CP_River.jpg":


EV RR CP River


I have to fix some of the Division names.

A text map of the EV:

                                                          * Mechanicville


                                         *             AY * Albany

                                         |                | Albany Division

  Chicago   Buffalo   Binghamton          \               |

     *.........*----------*------------------------------ |

trackage rights          BI        Ulster Division       \|


                                       \North          KI * Kingston

          North even                    \|  even          |

     West odd + East even           West + East        *-<| Empire Division

          South odd                 odd  |\               |

                                      South\             /

                                                     SH * Schneider yard, Jersey City

                         AL                            /

                   -------*---------------------------- Bayonne

                  /   Allentown   Keystone Division


                 * Hagerstown


This schematic map of the Empire Valley attempts to visually show the timetable direction for each division. Locations between division points are generally not shown. Current plans for operation do not include traditional train numbers, and the distinction between even and odd numbers might not be used. Current plans use train symbols, for example, ALKI, ALKI-1, ALKI-2, ALKI-3, ALKI-4, etc would all be trains starting at Allentown and ending at Kingston. Trains from Kingston to Allentown would be KIAL [-#].


Note about trains:

            The Empire Valley is a large Class 1 railroad that stretches from its southern most terminus in Hagerstown, Maryland north to Allentown, Pennsylvania. The line then travels east to Jersey City, New Jersey. Following the Hudson Valley north to Kingston, New York. At Kingston the railroad goes west and north. The northern portion goes from Kingston to Albany and its northern terminus at Mechanicville, New York. Westward from Kingston the line goes to Binghamton, New York onwards towards the western terminus at Buffalo, New York. Trackage rights take the railroad to Chicago, Illinois.

            The railroad is electrified from Hagerstown, Maryland to Paterson, New Jersey.

The visible portion of the layout is from Schneider yard in Jersey City through Kingston to just before Binghamton and Albany. Major visible yards are Schneider and Kingston. Hidden yards usually referred to as Allentown/Binghamton and Albany also represent other locations in the appropriate directions, on both the EV and connecting railroads.

I’m having a problem with the full page now. This is only part of it.

Copyright © 2000-2006 Queens County Model Railroad Association
Do not copy without permission.

RailNutterNews, including Empire Valley, Qns Cy Model RR Assn [at RailNutterNews]

Other Model Railroad Clubs in the New York area:

New York Society of Model Engineers, including New York Society of Model Engineers [Exhibition Information] was Community Connection: NYSME New York Society of Model Engineers

Garden State Model Railway Club, Inc. Garden State Northern Railroad in HO Scale. Next door is: Model Engineers RR Club of North Jersey O Scale

HOTrack of The Sunrise Trail

Sunrise Trail Hobbies, Ltd.

TMRCI - The Model Railroad Club, Inc.  Union NJ.

The West Island Model Railroad Club, The West Island Model Railroad Club in Farmingdale, Long Island, New York, The Allegheny & Western Railroad

Long Island Live Steamers Front Page

N.Y.City Model Transit "EL" & Trolley System in "O" Scale,  Work (Non Revenue) Equipment - NY City Model Transit System


North West Jersey Hi-Railers located in Paterson, NJ. THE Largest 3-Rail Layout in the United States.

Northlandz Welcome Page


Index of /clubs, Railroad Shopper--New York.
Grand Central Railway Station of Cyberspace, (Con-Cor's Grand Central Railway Station of Cyberspace.), Model Railroad Clubs.

The NJ, NY and CT Railroad Page.

Railroads in the New York area:

Penny Bridge., including NYC Car Floats
New Page 2” or New Page 2 [New York Susquehanna & Western Technical & Historical Society Inc.]

Webshots Community - Newtown Railroad

Page 1” [MTA-Long Island Rail Road Bombardier M-7 Electric Commuter Coach, Bobby J. Kasza]

Hell Gate Bridge, Hell Gate Bridge, Greater Astoria Historical Society


NYC Car Floats


Petition Spot - The Transit Fan's Plea


Trainworld and Trainland on the Web 718-436-7072

All~Gauge Hobby Supply Company [Manhattan Train & Hobby Inc], All~Gauge Hobby Supply Company


The first thing to know about the Digital Command Control standard is that it only specifies the track signal, so any system can still only use one or a few brands and models of throttles or cabs. But any DCC system should control any DCC decoder properly, at least for basic features, such as locomotive speed and direction. Certain other features are optional. They are compatible between different brands, but can only be used if the system, decoder, and throttle or other input device all support them. Some brands also have features that are not part of the standard, and are not compatible with different brands of equipment.

National Model Railroad Association, including NMRA St&RPs Introduction

Calculation of CV settings for 4-digit (long) address


CVP Products
Yahoo! Groups : easydcc
The club has a CVP Products’ EasyDCC system, now working on most of the main tracks.
F0-F8 can be turned on and off from the command station or the newer throttles (e.g. RF1300-4), F0-F4 from the older throttles (e.g. TX904-E). That’s usually not a problem, but sound decoders might need more. For example, SoundTraxx mute requires F7 or F8. This can be partially overcome by setting certain CV’s correctly. See my comments under “SoundTraxx” below.
Radio throttles are available.
Accessory decoders 1-2048 “<2045” can be controlled from the command station, 1-99 from any other throttle.
The range for a short address or advanced consist is 1-99, long address 100-9999, standard consist is lead locomotive number 1-9999 [new EPROM]. The DCC standard allows both short and long addresses from 1-127, which are distinct from each other even when they have the same numerical value. It should be easy to reset any decoder’s address at any time, so don’t worry if you need to do so.
The command station has 127 active address slots. If more than that number of locomotive addresses is used, some things will be reset, such as the default of the command station sending 14 speed steps. At that point you might have to re-enter the Setup Loco command to make the command station and decoder agree on the number of speed steps.
The range for a throttle ID is 1-99. The default is 63. All throttles in use at the same time need different ID’s. They’re easy to set; the only job is keeping track of what numbers are free.
The command station uses 2 AAA, the RF1300-4 and older TX904-E wireless/radio throttles use 4 AAA.
They don’t currently offer decoders, so use any brand of DCC compatible decoders.

NCE Corporation:

NCE Corporation
ProCab includes all the features that other systems only have at the command station, including a display, but it also costs more. Radio cabs were available from Tony's Train Exchange starting February 23, 2002. NCE radio supports 15 ProCabs (Cab Addresses 3-17) and 31 Engineer's Cabs or ProCabs without the display working (19-49).
Decoder does not support headlight control in 14-speed mode. It will operate the motor and F1-F8 correctly with all systems, however the headlight may not operate correctly with older systems. Use Setup Loco for CVP EasyDCC to transmit 28 or 128 speed steps for that address.
Decoders have CV5 (Vmax) and CV6 (Vmid), and CV21 and CV22 (Functions active in consist mode).


Welcome to SOUNDTRAXXTM Throttle Up! Corp. Throttle Up!/SoundTraxx
Mute requires F7 or F8. If it is difficult or impossible to control these functions with your system, this can be partially overcome by setting certain CV’s correctly. For steam DSD, CV 53 is the "sound configuration byte #3". For diesel DSD, use CV 56. For the LC Series Digital Sound Decoders, use CV 113. If you set the "quiet" bit (bit 0) to 1, then "sound turns on only when the DSD receives a packet with a matching address". If the locomotive is decommissioned (no throttles selected to it) it will cause the sound to be turned off after a period of time as set by CV 11 (Packet Time Out Value). Time Out Period = CV11 X 10 seconds A CV value of 0 disables the time out period and the locomotive will run indefinitely without receiving another packet. This is based on .pdf files from: Welcome to SOUNDTRAXXTM ©1998 Throttle Up! Corp. ©2001 Throttle Up! Corp. All Rights Reserved. ?? [Conflicts between Soundtraxx DSX and Motor Decoders], part of Railway Engineering.
Not for use with track voltages above 16 volts. Be careful setting power station output.
Decoders have CV 66 (Forward Trim) and CV 95 (Reverse Trim), and CV21 and CV22 (Functions active in consist mode).

Lenz Elektronik, GmbH:

Digital Plus by Lenz, including Configuration Variables for Version 4.3 XF Lenz NMRA DCC Decoders, LENZ GmbH XPA XpressNet Phone Adapter
Decoders don’t seem to support CV5 (Vmax), use CV67-94 to set an entire speed table instead. Don’t have CV21 and CV22 (Functions active in consist mode).

Atlas Model Railroad Co., Inc.:

Atlas Model Railroad Co. - HO & N Scale Model Trains, including Atlas Railroad Company, Inc. [Welcome To Atlas Master Dcc]
The Atlas HO Dual-Mode Decoder - Item #340 is made by Lenz (Lenz =99). The Atlas documentation even says: Manufacturers Identification (Atlas=127). Factory Setting 99.

Digitrax, Inc.:

Digitrax, Inc. Home Page
The Digitrax system seems more complicated than most of the others and they seem to have a high rate of returns.
Digitrax .pdf doesn’t look as good as it could. It’s too small and page numbers don’t match the way Adobe Acrobat Reader shows them.
CV5 (Vmax) and CV6 (Vmid) are in “Gen 4+” decoders, but not CV21 and CV22 (Functions active in consist mode).

Train Control Systems (TCS):

Decoders have CV5 (Vmax) and CV6 (Vmid), and CV21 and CV22 (Functions active in consist mode), CV56 CV57 (Dither parameters).

Life-Like Products:

Welcome to Life-Like Products They’re supposed to be coming up with a fix for a shorting problem with the S1.


Model Rectifier Corporation - Home
MRC decoders only support short addresses, so I don’t recommend them. The address range of 1-127, or 1-99 for CVP EasyDCC, must also be used for advanced consists, so there will be a problem if there are too many of these in a club. Perhaps each member will only be allowed to use one or two numbers in this range, and you’ll have to physically remove locomotives with MRC decoders when you’re not running them. They’re not that much cheaper for this to be worthwhile. I’ve had some problems getting them to work at all on a CVP EasyDCC system.

M.T.H. Electric Trains:

MTH Electric Trains [HO], part of MTH Electric Trains

Broadway Limited Imports:

Broadway Limited Imports HO Scale Locomotives, including Broadway Limited Imports - Listen to the sounds
I couldn’t get the .mp3’s on this site to work. They turned into .htm’s that displayed as garbage, rather than playing. The .wav’s worked and sound good, though. I sent email about it, but they don’t know what’s wrong. UPDATE: Now the .mp3’s work, but the .wav’s are gone. Go figure.


Tower 55 .

Other DCC:

Tony's Train Exchange, Supporting More Command Control Systems Than Anyone., Tony's Train Exchange - Main Page., including SOUNDTRAXX HEATS UP WITH ATLAS DCC
The product page for each manufacturer has a link to each manufacturer’s own site.


Loy's Toys Home Page



Stormy Acres, Home of Storm Enterprises, including Storm Enterprises Product List

Allan Gartner's Wiring for DCC - Home (Index) Page, including Wiring for DCC by Allan Gartner - Turnouts, Wiring for DCC by Allan Gartner - Links to Manufacturers

DCC Projects Page

DecoderPro Symbolic Programmer

Wayne Rodericks Teton Short Line, Staging, Digital Command Control (DCC) on the Teton Short Line An HO Scale Model Railroad featuring do-it-yourself electronics, computers, DCC and operations, Pocatello Model Railroad and historical Society

Burnt Hills and Big Flats Homepage


Aristo-Craft Trains: The Train Engineer Welcome to the Aristo-Craft Trains Internet Depot This allows radio throttles to control unmodified locomotives. You’d have to have and throw a cab selector switch for each electrical section in this case. One setting could be for all the DCC locomotives and/or ones with a radio receiver built in, I believe (this IS available for HO).

Other Railroad:

I subscribe to Model Railroader from Kalmbach Publishing Co.
Alex A. Yusko's Kalmbach notes page..

Walthers Model Railroad Mall -- main page
Atlas Model Railroad Company.

Kato USA: Precision Railroad Models

NMRA on the Web - Home Page.

The KCS Historical Society's Web Site
Kansas City Southern Industries Home Page - class 1 railroad

Railroad page. of Fred Ochs, aka Dirk.
Z-World. Old Z-World.
A Trolley Fan's Page.
Official MTA Home Page.


Railroad Picture Archives.NET

Swedish railways.
Classic Rail Cars, ... Calendar of Railroadiana Events.

Colored Steam Locomotives

Steamlocomotive dot Com

Railfans Only, part of Welcome to AAR - AAR News

Mike Palmieri's LOUISIANA·RAIL·SITE, LRMRG [Louisiana Railfan & Model Railroad Group], MEXICAN RAILWAYS

Home [Silicon Valley Lines is an HO model railroad club located in San Jose, California.]

Iowa Central Railroad

Model Train Graphics: Creative Details for your Train Layout

W&amp;H MAIN YARDS: Quick State Railroad Map Links

Railroading in the North East, including Early EMD Diesel Railroad Locomotives - NE Rails [Rensselaer Model Railroad Society's Railroad Heritage Center, fictitious New England Berkshire & Western, NEB&W]

Fallen Flag Railroad Photos

Fallen Flag Railroad Photos, including Donation

B&O Modeler Magazine



XCLent Design Model Railways Home Page

Railroad Industry Special Interest Group, including RRISIG News and Events

Railroad Extra Contents Page [Mike Dodd's Virginian Railway, HO scale, set in 1954] Lee Solomon’s Waybill generator for model railroaders, a free Windows program.


, Trainworld - 718-436-7072



Welcome to Operation Lifesaver

Angels on Track Foundation


I was working on adding a link about the years certain milk cars would’ve been around today (2005/10/22), and I started to think it would be nice to have a Star Trek replicator that could make a whole set of models that would be appropriate for a certain date, but then I realized it would be better to have the model railroad layout on the holodeck, so it could be to actual scale, where hundreds of miles in the prototype is represented by a layout a few miles long. Most people can walk the speed of an HO scale train, and I’m usually standing for a couple of hours for an operating session anyway. If being that realistic means you can’t finish, just save it until next Friday. A group of people could have some seeing the trains in scale, while others could be running the trains from inside. Maybe that would take using all the holodecks on the Enterprise for a single simulation.




Ring Engineering Inc. End of Train Device


Railroad Games:

Microsoft Train Simulator:

Microsoft Train Simulator

I highly recommend Microsoft Train Simulator (MS TS) to anyone who wants an approximation of what it’s like to operate a real train. Keep in mind, though, that there are times you’ll spend a few minutes mostly watching the scenery go by, then have to do something so fast that the interface makes it harder than it should be. It would be easy to move a real control in your hand in a fraction of a second, but with my settings, key repeat takes a few seconds to operate continuous controls in TS, or you can spend time and effort pointing to the right place with your mouse, which also requires you to go to cab view first. Remember that you might be going a few hundred feet in those few seconds, and you might run past the end of the track, or have the program put the brakes into emergency and stop the train for you just because it doesn’t have an input like the real thing. I’ve also had some consists (sets of cars) that are programmed to be so sensitive that I’m told I’ve jostled the passengers or damaged the freight every 30 seconds by my roughness when I actually had the train at a dead stop for a few minutes, which I only did to find out it really wasn’t my fault at all, of course.

In Usa1 (NEC): “After the Storm”, there’s a point when you’re expected to reduce speed from a limit of 110 miles per hour to 45 with about 600 feet or 4 seconds warning. You’re pretty much guaranteed to get a penalty brake application unless you know what’s coming just from the fact that the simulation will be the same every time if your actions don’t change things. Later on, you’re supposed to take a crossover at up to 120 miles per hour, and there’s no signal within 7 miles approaching it. In real life, these would both be serious physical defects on the ground somewhere.

Did I remember to say that I like the program a lot? It is a lot more realistic than trying to use a joystick with a racing game or two, where I keep swerving left and right while just trying to go straight at modest speed. I had no trouble with that the first time I ever drove a real car.

Rf&RR 1988/12 pages 59-69 “Mountain Pass Marias” on the GN.

Usenet Discussion Newsgroups about Railroads and models:

FAQ from newsgroups:

(2 different sources):rec.models.railroad FAQ.
rec.models.railroad FAQ.

The newsgroups themselves:

rec.railroad [This has been replaced by:]


Railroad related stock quotes and news:

Remember that the selection of securities for purchase or sale is well beyond the topic of my railroad page. It is safest to consider this as only being interesting information.
Yahoo! Finance, including Yahoo! Finance - (27) ^SPRAIL ... GTRN, quotes and news, Yahoo! Finance - Ticker Symbol Lookup [rail].
Yahoo! Finance [-] Company and Fund Index, including Yahoo / Market Guide - Railroads.

Kansas City Southern Industries Home Page - class 1 railroad

Florida East Coast Industries

... Railroads ...:

Milk Trains

Remembering the Rutland, including Remembering the Milk Trains, …: According to “Q&A p_4” [AAY: replace with the link] Q. #36, General American Car Company and the Pfaudler Company jointly formed the 'General American-Pfaudler Corporation' around 1930, and reporting marks would change from GARE to GPEX. Personally, I’m just mixing rolling stock from the 30’s through the 50’s, since the rest of my club will also have modern trains. Those who model a specific era might want to be more careful.


Milk Trains This one takes some time to load.


D.L.& W. Sussex Branch Memorial: Memories [Riding the Milk Train to Branchville], part of D.L.& W. Sussex Branch Memorial: Main Index.



milktrains : Milk Trains History and Modeling, Milk Train group on Yahoo! Finance Groups, part of Yahoo! Groups : Directory : Trains and Railroads

Click here to join milktrains
Click to join milktrains


2005/08 issue of Railmodel Journal ...

Milk Cars, part of River Raisin Models [S scale brass railroad oriented models/Fine 3/16 ths Brass Model Trains]




American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) : The Steel Works Web Site, including Steel Learning Center

Bethlehem Steel, including Bethlehem Steel: Subsidiary Railroads


Transportation other than Railroads:

Welcome To E-ZPass


Off the topic of Railroads:


Alex A. Yusko's Railroad page was originally created on 1997/ 8/ 1, from a section of my home page.
Last updated 2008/04/02 01:58
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